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Bridge crane: All bridge crane basics you need know

07 Jun, 2017

bridge crane in usePxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane used in steel coil factoryPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane overview

A Bridge crane also known as overhead crane, overhead travelling crane, or industrial crane is a material handling machine which lifts, lowers, and transport a load horizontally. Typically, an Bridge crane involves a hook-and-line mechanism that moves along a horizontal beam which moves on a runway beam, the supporting structure. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Overhead canes are heavy duty material handling equipment with high lifting capacities for transporting load. Bridge crane travel is directed by an operator, either manually or with a wired pendant station or wireless controls. Typically, Bridge crane is used for the multi-directional movement of materials to help manufacturing, storing, loading or unloading works inside a facility or outside in a yard, or at a railway, or shipping port, and other application environments.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane components

Generally, the Bridge crane is consisted of three main parts, the crane bridge, the hoist or trolley, and the runway. The crane bridge is the part which traverses across the runway. The hoist or trolley is the lifting mechanism which traverses across the crane bridge and lifts vertically. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
The runway is tied to the building structure. Besides, there are other parts are involved, showing in the following diagram for your reference.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

double girder bridge crane components drawingPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Double girder Bridge crane componets drawingPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Basic bridge crane terminology

Crane capacity: The maximum weight the Bridge crane is required to handle. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Crane span: The horizontal distance between the rails of runway on which the crane travels. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Lift or hook height:The distance from the floor to the crane hook, which determines the height of the runway from the floor and is subjected to the clear inside height of the building. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Bridge, trolley and lift speeds: The rate at which the bridge or trolley runs or at which the hoist lifts. Dual speeds are available. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Crane bridge: The main travelling structure of Bridge crane which is consisted of two end trucks and one or two bridged girders varying with the type of the crane. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
End trucks: The end trucks is located on both sides of the span. The end trucks house the wheels on which the crane runs. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Bridge girder(s):Bridge girder is the principal horizontal beam of the crane bridge which is supported by the end trucks. The bridge girder of the crane is meat to support the trolley. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Trolley hoist: The trolley hoist is consisted of hoist and the trolley frame. According to the lifting requirements, one or more hoist can be installed, which can be supplied on the same trolley or on separate trolleys. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Trolley: The trolley takes the hoist across the bay along bridge girder(s) traversing the span. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Hoist: Hoist is mounted to the trolley and is the main lifting equipment together with the crane hook or other lifting attachment.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane parts and components assembly 3 D presentationPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane configuration

Bridge crane mainly have two configurations: Top running Bridge cranes and under running Bridge cranes.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Top running Bridge cranes

The top running Bridge crane or Bridge crane refers to the crane which has the bridge travel on the top of rails mounted on a runway beam supported by either the building columns or columns specifically engineered for the crane. The top running Bridge crane or Bridge crane is the most common crane configuration with the feature that the crane loads are transmitted to the supporting columns or free standing structure and with the advantage of minimum head room and maximum height of lift.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
;;Double girder Bridge crane componets drawingPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Top running Bridge cranePxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Classification of top running Bridge cranes

Top running Bridge cranes can be further classified into single girder, double girder, and box girder Bridge crane or Bridge crane in terms of girder types. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Single girder bridge crane  is consisted of two end trucks, trolley hoist unit and a single bridge girder, on the bottom flange of which the trolley runs on. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Single girder Bridge crane designed for your application can be cost-effective. Single girder Bridge crane has lower wheel loads so that it will save on new support structures and it will also allow you to add more lifting capabilities to your runway structure without upgrading.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Double girder bridge craneis consisted of two end trucks, trolley hoist unit and two bridge girders, on the top of which located the rails on which the trolley runs. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Double girder Bridge crane provides better hook height for the hoist of the double girder Bridge crane is mounted on top of the bridge rather than underneath.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Box girder bridge crane  is a crane equipped on a girder formed by multiple walls in the shape of enclosed tube, rather than on an I-beam or H-beam. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Box girder Bridge crane is used for heavy duty material handling with the feature of extremely rigidity and durability.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Under running Bridge cranes

Under-running or under-hung Bridge crane or Bridge crane has the end trucks ride on the bottom flange of the runway, which is usually suspended from the roof, with no need of extra floor columns for the support of the runway. The under-running or under-hung Bridge crane has the advantage of taking no floor space and saving cost for supporting system. Moreover, an under-running or under-hung Bridge crane can be applied to the sloped ceilings or multiple crane systems.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

bridge crane under runPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Under running Bridge cranePxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Classification of under-running or under-hang Bridge crane

In terms of crane girder, the under-running or under-hang Bridge cranes can be grouped into single girder, double girder and box girder Bridge cranes. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Single girder under running Bridge crane provides you a cost effective material handling solution for it can save new support structure because of its reduced wheel loads, which also makes it possible to add more lifting capabilities without upgradation. PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
Double girder under running Bridge crane is usually used for handling loads over 25 tons, which is usually provided with a complete material handling solution. Double girder cranes provides a higher lifting height for the crane hook travels between the beams, comparing with that of the single girder Bridge crane.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane comparison -top running Vs. under running

To choose the top running or under running Bridge crane is mainly determined by two factors:PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

  • Capacity: Even though the under running Bridge crane can be up to 25 ton capacity, the practical limit is more like 15 tons.
  • Support structure: Under running Bridge crane can be suspended directly from the overhead steel for the lighter duty crane. Top running Bridge cranes needs a bracket off the building support steel (up to 10 tons capacity) or independent columns for larger capacities.

Top running Bridge crane configuration is best used when headroom is an issue. Double girder top running configuration is the most space efficient one. Whereas when the headroom is not an issue a top or under running configuration can be either single girder or double girder.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane application

Bridge crane or Bridge crane can be applied for material handling in various situations and industries, such as, Automotive, Beverage, Chemicals, Commercial printing, Manufacturing, Newspaper, Paper, Steel and warehousing and distribution, etc.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

  • Assembly: Bridge cranes are used to move the products through production processes.
  • Transportation: Bridge cranes are used to transport the finished products onto open trailers or other vehicles.
  • Staging: Holding work-in-process for additional production processes.
  • Storage: Bridge crane also can be used to transport heavy item into or out of the storage area.
  • Warehousing: Heavy items can be moved with Bridge cranes to and from docks.

Overhead bridge crane advantages

Bridge crane are most applied material handling equipment for the following advantages:PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

  • Adaptable: Due to Bridge crane cane be operated on any plant floor surface and also because they can be modified to accommodate changing needs, Bridge cranes provide high adaptability.
  • Customizable: Customized Bridge cranes are available. The below hook attachments, riggings, and other special material handling tool to deal with the variety of loads.
  • Comfortableness: The design of Bridge cranes takes the comfortableness of crane operators into consideration, which would improve the efficiency and safety in the working area.
  • Efficiency: Bridge cranes lift loads up and over obstacles with high efficiency without navigating back and forth through aisles.
  • Load control: Radio remote control, pendant pushbutton control, and driver’s cabin control are also at your choice for your Bridge cranes.
  • Lower maintenance costs: Adopting with advanced technologies and offered in a variety of usage of capacity ratings, Bridge cranes need less maintenance comparing with other lifting equipment.
  • Positioning: The Bridge cranes can place the loads to an exact location with high precision.
  • Reduce labor cost: A set of single Bridge crane can replace many forklifts and cover a large work area.
  • Lower damage to loads: With soft start features, wide selection of speed options, and a variety of handling tools or riggings, the loads can be safely handled.
  • Safety: Varity of safety measures are installed on Bridge cranes to ensure the safety of your lifting equipment, crane operator and loads, etc.
  • Higher lifting height: Bridge cranes can provide you a higher lifting height with higher efficiency.

Bridge crane controls

bridge crane controlPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane controlPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane control controls your crane safety and reliability. Flexible and reliable control for Bridge crane are very important. Usually, the following controls are frequently used on Bridge cranes.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

  • Pendant control: The pendant overhead control can give the crane operator precise control over the motion of the crane. According to the different functions, the pendant control has different configurations. The pendant control could be either suspended from the Trolley Hoist, which requires the crane operator to walk with and beside the load or on a separate sliding track system allowing the operator to move independently of the load.
  • VFD: A pendant Bridge crane control can also be used in conjunction with a Variable Frequency Drive, which controls the motion for smooth acceleration and deceleration by varying the frequency of motors. The VFD controls could be highly customized.
  • Radio control: The radio control for Bridge crane is just like the pendant control except the operator uses a radio frequency instead of pendant. The radio control has higher safety feature and also provide the operator a wider range of operating motions that a pendant.
  • Power supply: The electrical power supply in the building should be matched with the designed rate of Bridge crane.
  • Electrical cabin: The electrical components of Bridge crane could be placed and protected in the control cabin.
  • Safety: The safety of the Bridge crane is ensured by protection against accidental contact, electrical shock, enclosed equipment, and indoor protection against dirt, dust, oil and water, and, etc.

Bridge crane runways

bridge crane runwayPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane runwayPxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

  • The runway of Bridge cranes refers to the rails, beams and columns on which the crane operates.
  • The crane rails is where the end trucks travel, and is fixed on the runway beam,
  • The runway beam is supported on the columns of top running Bridge crane or from the roof structure of under running Bridge crane.
  • During the design of crane runway system, the existing building columns can be taken advantages. By then, it is important to provide the down shop center to center spacing between them.
  • And also, the conductors are mounted to the runway beam, which supply power to the Bridge crane.

How to choose your Bridge crane

Generally the lifting capacity of the Bridge cranes decides the types of crane girders: single, double and box girder. The single girder overhead is designed for handling loads of about 20 tons and the double girder and box girder Bridge crane can be used to handling materials above 20 tons.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
To choose the right material handling solution is critical. Therefore the customized or tailored overhead are manufactured. However, how to find out the best type of Bridge crane for your application? The most suitable Bridge crane should be selected out based on the specific application conditions and your building dimensions if the building has been constructed. The following tips is given for your reference to find your best cranes.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

  • Load capacity: The maximum weight of your loads should not exceed the rated lifting capacity of your crane.
  • Crane span: The span or width of the crane system is important to decide the size of the Bridge crane.
  • Working frequency: The operational frequency of your crane will be used to define the crane classification needed for your application.
  • Supporting systems: Usually, the Bridge crane is supported by runway structures, attached to workshop building or the Bridge crane could be supported on a free standing runway set up specifically for the crane.
  • In order to give you a better understanding of what should be considered on choose an Bridge crane, the top running double girder Bridge crane are taken for an example for your references

bridge crane with double girder

1. Crane lifting capacity ;;2. Lifting height of crane. 3. Runways height. ;4. Clearance required. 5. Building width.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

6. Crane span. 7. Building height. 8. Runway size and length. 9. Hook approach & end approach 10. Hoist speed PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

11. Bridge gravel speed12. Trolley travel speed. 13. Electrical requirements. 14. Control requirements.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd
;PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane maintenance

bridge crane maintaincePxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

Bridge crane maintenacePxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

As there many parts of the Bridge crane, for different technical characteristics of the various components, in the actual work they will generally be maintained into periodic check in weeks.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

  • Check the nut, cotter pins, positioning plate on the brakes whether it is complete, lose or not, lever and spring is free of cracks, pin bolts on the wheel and the brake washer is loose cushion, or complete; if it is reliable when the brake is open. The opening of the movable tiles should be less than 1.0mm and the distance across the gap between the brake drum should be equal, each axle pin may not have stuck phenomenon.
  • Checking the rope on the winding drum and the pulley is normal or not, is there any phenomenons such as jumping from slot, channeling, knotting, twisting and so on. Whether rope plate bolts are tightened and has a double nut locking device or not.
  • Checking the installation of the safety switch and limit switch are accurate, flexible and reliable, especially the rise limit is reliable.
  • Checking all lubrication points is in a good condition.
  • Check if it is lost or shortage of the fastening screws on coupling closures of the lifting mechanism.
  • Checking the track to confirm that no foreign body to obstruct running of the Bridge crane.
  • If there is any abnormal noise on the transmission of the Bridge crane.

Bridge cranes;offering of Dongqi Hoist and Crane

Our offering of Bridge cranes/ Bridge cranes includes 12 series of products, with the lifting capacity ranging from 1 ton to 400 ton. They are widely used in various industries and places.PxfHenan Dongqi Machinery Co., Ltd

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